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Folklore

 

The Kyrgyz folklore is about verbal poetry, sayings, and proverbs. The great poets lived in 1800s as Toktogul Satylganov and Jengijok. Their poetry were in a form of song about. The meaning of the poetry was about culture, slavery, nature and love. The poets used national instrument komuz for their poetry.

 

The komuz is generally made from a single piece of wood (usuallyfrom juniper) and has three strings traditionally made out of gut, and often from fishing line in modern times. The middle string is the highest in pitch in the most common tunings. Komuzchu (who play kmouz) frequently play it in different positions; over the shoulder, between the knees and upside down.

 

The epic Manas is rooted into the depth of ages and narrates about the life and heroic deeds of Kyrgyz batyrs and portentous events in history. There are other epics as “Er Tyushtyuk”, “Kodjodjash”, “Er Tabyldy”, “Oldjobaiy and Kishimjan”, “Sarynji - Byekei”, “Janyl Myrza”, “Kurmanbek”, “Janysh-Baiysh”, and “Kedeikan”. 
The most famous epic amongst these epics is Manas epic called as the Kyrgyz encyclopedia. It tells about the history, geographic settlements of Kyrgyz people, harmony with nature, religious conception, and ethnic culture of the Kyrgyz people, customs, philosophic views, poetry and language of the Kyrgyz people.

 

The essential part of the epic is about the freedom and the call to unity. It depicts about the wars to unite Kyrgyz people held by Manas batyr and his patriotism to defend his state. That is why the ideology of current Kyrgyz people stems from this epic. These epic has been preserved in the poetry of kyryz people and recited orally. Later in Soviet period, it was written down from the telling of great manaschy (oral epic tellers) as Nooruz, Jaisan-yrchy, K. Barybosov, Ch. Omurov, T. Japiev, B. Kumarov, S. Orosbakov, Togolok Moldo, S. Karalaev

 

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